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      Permanent link:
      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/jbsc/029/01/0119-0128

    • Keywords

       

      Extinction; fixation; molecular clock; neutral theory; population size; species duration

    • Abstract

       

      The question of the potential importance for speciation of large/small population sizes remains open. We compare speciation rates in twelve major taxonomic groups that differ by twenty orders of magnitude in characteristic species abundance (global population number). It is observed that the twenty orders of magnitude’s difference in species abundances scales to less than two orders of magnitude’s difference in speciation rates. As far as species abundance largely determines the rate of generation of intraspecific endogenous genetic variation, the result obtained suggests that the latter rate is not a limiting factor for speciation. Furthermore, the observed approximate constancy of speciation rates in different taxa cannot be accounted for by assuming a neutral or nearly neutral molecular clock in subdivided populations. Neutral fixation is only relevant in sufficiently small populations with 4Nev < 1, which appears an unrealistic condition for many taxa of the smaller organisms. Further research is clearly needed to reveal the mechanisms that could equate the evolutionary pace in taxa with dramatically different population sizes

    • Author Affiliations

       

      Anastassia M Makarieva1 Victor G Gorshkov1

      1. Theoretical Physics Division, Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, St-Petersburg, Gatchina - 188300, Russia
    • Dates

       
  • Journal of Biosciences | News

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