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    • Keywords


      Chemical cross-linking; dimerization; gene regulation; TBP; transcription; yeast

    • Abstract


      Dimerization is proposed to be a regulatory mechanism for TATA-binding protein (TBP) activity bothin vitro andin vivo. The reversible dimer-monomer transition of TBP is influenced by the buffer conditionsin vitro. Usingin vitro chemical cross-linking, we found yeast TBP (yTBP) to be largely monomeric in the presence of the divalent cation Mg2+, even at high salt concentrations. Apparent molecular mass of yTBP at high salt with Mg2+, run through a gel filtration column, was close to that of monomeric yTBP. Lowering the monovalent ionic concentration in the absence of Mg2+, resulted in dimerization of TBP. Effect of Mg2+ was seen at two different levels: at higher TBP concentrations, it suppressed the TBP dimerization and at lower TBP levels, it helped keep TBP monomers in active conformation (competent for binding TATA box), resulting in enhanced TBP-TATA complex formation in the presence of increasing Mg2+. At both the levels, activity of the full-length TBP in the presence of Mg2+ was like that reported for the truncated C-terminal domain of TBP from which the N-terminus is removed. Therefore for full-length TBP, intra-molecular interactions can regulate its activity via a similar mechanism.

    • Author Affiliations


      Perumal Vanathi1 Anurag Kumar Mishra1 Purnima Bhargava1

      1. Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Uppal Road, Hyderabad - 500 007, India
    • Dates

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