• Nutritional status of the Indian population

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      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/jbsc/026/04/0481-0489

    • Keywords

       

      Adult health; early life undernutrition; fetal growth; maternal nutrition; rural India

    • Abstract

       

      High prevalence of low birth weight, high morbidity and mortality in children and poor maternal nutrition of the mother continue to be major nutritional concerns in India. Although nationwide intervention programmes are in operation over two decades, the situation has not changed greatly. In addition, the Indian population is passing through a nutritional transition and is expected to witness higher prevalences of adult non-communicable diseases such as diabetes, hypertension and coronary heart disease according to the theory of ‘fetal origin of adult disease’. Clearly, there is a need for examining several issues of nutritional significance for effective planning of interventions. In particular, maternal nutrition and fetal growth relationship, long term effects of early life undernutrition, interactions of prenatal nutritional experiences and postnatal undernutrition are some of the major issues that have been discussed in the present paper with the help of prospective data from various community nutrition studies carried out in the department.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      Shobha Rao1

      1. Biometry and Nutrition Group, Agharkar Research Institute, G G Agarkar Road, Pune - 411 004, India
    • Dates

       
  • Journal of Biosciences | News

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