• Estrogenic and antiestrogenic properties of clomiphene citrate in laboratory mice

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      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/jbsc/020/05/0665-0673

    • Keywords

       

      Clomiphene citrate; mice; estrogenic; antiestrogenic; uterus

    • Abstract

       

      The estrogen agonistic and antagonistic properties of clomiphene citrate were investigated in the mice. Clomiphene citrate was tested at various doses of 0.1, 1.0, 10 and 100 μg for three consecutive days in immature and mature bilaterally ovariectomized mice. Clomiphene citrate showed uterotrophic activity in both immature and ovariectomized conditions. The lower doses of 0.1 and 1.0 μg were ineffective to show any uterotrophic stimulation. Clomiphene citrate at 10 μg dose produced 305.56% increase in uterine weight i.e., 27.70 ± 0.24 vs 6.83 ± 0.06 in immature and 182.27% i.e., 42.68 ± 1.12 vs 15.12 ± 0.57 in ovariectomized mice. Clomiphene citrate at 100 μg dose showed significant uterotrophic effect e.g., 435.57% i.e., 36.58 ±0.34 vs 6.83 ± 0.06 in immature and 586% i.e., 103.80 ± 0.60 in ovariectomized mice. When clomiphene citrate was administered in combination with 0.32 μg of estradiol 17-β it caused significant antagonistic effect (decrease in uterine weight) at 10 and 100 μg respectively. Clomiphene citrate at 10 μg dose produced 32% i.e., 28.93 ± 0.43 vs 38.04 ± 2.68 in immature and 35% i.e., 59.64±1.44 vs 83.34 ±0.25 in ovariectomized mice respectively. Histological observation clearly showed that clomiphene citrate at 10 and 100 μg doses did not cause any differential hypertrophy of the epithelial layer. Similar doses in combination with estradiol produced significant antagonistic effect on uterine weight and luminal epithelial cell height.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      Arun Kumar1 Pranab L Pakrasi1

      1. Embryo Physiology Laboratory, Department of Zoology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi - 221 005, India
    • Dates

       
  • Journal of Biosciences | News

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