• Estrogenic and antiestrogenic properties of clomiphene citrate in laboratory mice

    • Fulltext


        Click here to view fulltext PDF

      Permanent link:

    • Keywords


      Clomiphene citrate; mice; estrogenic; antiestrogenic; uterus

    • Abstract


      The estrogen agonistic and antagonistic properties of clomiphene citrate were investigated in the mice. Clomiphene citrate was tested at various doses of 0.1, 1.0, 10 and 100 μg for three consecutive days in immature and mature bilaterally ovariectomized mice. Clomiphene citrate showed uterotrophic activity in both immature and ovariectomized conditions. The lower doses of 0.1 and 1.0 μg were ineffective to show any uterotrophic stimulation. Clomiphene citrate at 10 μg dose produced 305.56% increase in uterine weight i.e., 27.70 ± 0.24 vs 6.83 ± 0.06 in immature and 182.27% i.e., 42.68 ± 1.12 vs 15.12 ± 0.57 in ovariectomized mice. Clomiphene citrate at 100 μg dose showed significant uterotrophic effect e.g., 435.57% i.e., 36.58 ±0.34 vs 6.83 ± 0.06 in immature and 586% i.e., 103.80 ± 0.60 in ovariectomized mice. When clomiphene citrate was administered in combination with 0.32 μg of estradiol 17-β it caused significant antagonistic effect (decrease in uterine weight) at 10 and 100 μg respectively. Clomiphene citrate at 10 μg dose produced 32% i.e., 28.93 ± 0.43 vs 38.04 ± 2.68 in immature and 35% i.e., 59.64±1.44 vs 83.34 ±0.25 in ovariectomized mice respectively. Histological observation clearly showed that clomiphene citrate at 10 and 100 μg doses did not cause any differential hypertrophy of the epithelial layer. Similar doses in combination with estradiol produced significant antagonistic effect on uterine weight and luminal epithelial cell height.

    • Author Affiliations


      Arun Kumar1 Pranab L Pakrasi1

      1. Embryo Physiology Laboratory, Department of Zoology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi - 221 005, India
    • Dates

  • Journal of Biosciences | News

      Forthcoming Special issue.

    • To trigger further research on plant mitochondria, the Journal of Biosciences is bringing out a special issue titled "Plant Mitochondria: Properties and Interactions with Other Organelles".

      Plant mitochondria are quite distinct and have unique features, such as a cyanide-insensitive alternate pathway. They also interact with chloroplasts to optimize photosynthetic carbon assimilation.

      Submissions are welcome until 30 July 2023. The contributions can be original articles, short communications, reviews, or mini-reviews on any topic related to plant mitochondria.

      Authors can submit their articles online at https://www.editorialmanager.com/jbsc/default2.aspx

      Posted on April 12, 2023
    • Editorial Note on Continuous Article Publication

      Posted on July 25, 2019

      Click here for Editorial Note on CAP Mode

© 2023-2024 Indian Academy of Sciences, Bengaluru.