Expression of 5-amino levulinic acid induced photodynamic damage to the thylakoid membranes in dark sensitized by brief pre-illumination
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The 5-amino levulinic acid treated cucumber (Cucumis sativus L., CV. Pointsette) plants upon exposure to light (≃30,000 lux) wilted within 6 h and died after 36 h due to photodynamic reactions. Thylakoid membranes, the site of accumulation of porphyrins, were damaged due to photodynamic reactions leading to the inhibition of membrane linked functions of photosystem II, photosystem I and the whole chain electron transport. Photosystem II was more susceptible to photodynamic damage than photosystem I. The exogenous electron donors Mn2+, diphenyl carbazide and NH2OH failed to donate electrons to photosystem II suggesting that the damage has taken place close to P680. The 5-amino levulinic acid treated plants exposed to 30 min of light did not show any damage to the thylakoid membranes. However, when the above plants were transferred to dark for 12 h there was substantial damage to the thylakoid membrane system.
Volume 48, 2023
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