An acid α-galactosidase from the seeds of the jack fruit seed (Artocarpus integrifolia) has been purified to homogeneity by affinity chromatography on a matrix formed by cross-linking the soluble α-galactose-bearing guar seed galactomannan. The 35kDa enzyme was a homotetramer of 9.5kDa subunits. Its carbohydrate part (5.5%) was composed of galactose and arabinose. TheKm withp-nitrophenyl α-D-galactoside as substrate was 0.35 mM. TheKi values indicated inhibition by galactose, 1-O-methyl α-galactose and melibiose in the decreasing order. Among α-galactosides, the enzyme liberated galactose from melibiose, but not from raffinose or stachyose at its pH optimum (5.2). The guar seed galactomannan was however efficiently degalactosidated; limited enzyme treatment abolished the precipitability of the polysaccharide by the α-galactose-specific jack fruit seed lectin, and complete hydrolysis yielded insoluble polysaccharide. Though similar in sugar specificity and subunit assembly, α-galactosidase and the lectin coexisting in the jack fruit seed gave no indication of immunological identity.
Volume 46, 2021
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