On binding toVicia faba lectin, the fluorescence of 4-methylumbelliferyl-α-D-glucoPyranoside was quantitatively quenched showing that the interaction of 4-methylumbelliferyl-α-D-glucoPyranoside took Place in a binding environment. The binding of the fluorescent sugar was saccharide sPecific as evidenced by the reversal of 4-methylumbelliferyl-α-D-glucoPyranoside fluorescence quenching by D-fructose. The association constant,Ka, values for the 4-methylumbelliferyl-α-D-glucoPyranoside was determined by comPetition study emPloying reversal of fluorescence quenching of 4-methylumbelliferyl-α-D-glucoPyranoside by D-fructose. TheKa value obtained for D-fructose was 1.07 ±0.03 X 104 M-1 and for 4-methylumbelliferyl-α-D-glucoPyranoside was 1.60 ±0.05 X 104 M-1 at 15°C. TheKa values of 2.51 ±0.06 X 104M-1, l.26 ±0.02 X 104 M-1 and 0.56 ±0.01 X 104M-1, resPectively at 10°, 20° and 30°C were obtained from the ChiPman equation. The relative fluorescence quenching, ΔFa, at infinite concentration of the free saccharide sites ofVicia faba lectin [P′] was 93.5% at 30°C and the binding constant for 4-methylumbelliferyl-α-D-glucoPyranoside lectin interaction as derived by Yank and Hanaguchi equation was 0.63 ±0.01 X 104M-1.
Volume 46, 2021
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