The multifunctional enzyme, putrescine synthase has been purified fromCucumis sativus and characterized. This enzyme harbours agmatine iminohydrolase, ornithine transcarbamylase, putrescine transcarbamylase and carbamate kinase activities, whose concerted action results in agmatine → putrescine conversion. The enzyme resolved into two aggregation forms, enzyme aggregated and enzyme monomer upon electrophoresis at pH 8.3. Evidence has been provided by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis that both enzyme aggregated and enzyme monomer comprise of identical polypeptide chains. Under non-reducing conditions on sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, the protein moves as a single 150 KDa polypeptide; however, in the presence of 2-mercaptoethanol on sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel elec trophoresis, it migrates as 3 polypeptides of molecular weight 48,000, 44,000 and 15,000. The enzyme undergoes age-dependentin vivo proteolytic degradation from a 66 KDa polypeptide (primary translational product), through 48 KDa polypeptide to 44 KDa species and finally to small molecular weight peptides.
Volume 48, 2023
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