Structure and physiology of mammalian vas deferens in relation to fertility regulation
The structural and functional integrity of the vas deferens and its role in ensuring the fertilizing ability, viability of spermatozoa and their survival in the vas deferens, are elucidated. The regulation of the function of the vas deferens and the differential androgen dependency of its two regions have been discussed in relation to its secretory and absorptive activities as well as its contractility. The importance of ascorbic acid in maintaining its functions has also been investigated.
The potentiality of the use of an androgen antagonist, steroids (testosterone, estradiol benzoate), prostaglandins, copper devices, vasectomy, vasocclusive agents, effects of nutr itional deficiencies, human chorionic gonadotropin-antiserum and plant products as antifertility agents have been discussed.