• Role of neurotransmitters and neuropeptides in the control of gonadotropin release: A review

    • Fulltext


        Click here to view fulltext PDF

      Permanent link:

    • Keywords


      Neurotransmitters; neuropeptides; LHRH; gonadotropin release

    • Abstract


      Rapid progress has been recorded recently in the understanding of the role of neuro-transmitters and neuropeptides in the control of reproduction and on their apparent potential in the regulation of fertility. Peptides, as well as monoamines, are important in the control of lutinizing hormone releasing hormone and gonadotropin release. The input from brainstem noradrenergic neurons as well as dopamine mediated stimulated release of lutinizing hormone. In addition considerable evidence exist for the occurrence of a specific follicle stimulating hormone-releasing factor. A large number of brain peptides affect the secretion of lutinizing hormone releasing hormone and the endogenous opioid peptides appear to have a physiologically important function in restraining the influence on lutinizing hormone releasing hormone release under most circumstances. Vasoactive intestinal peptide and substanceP stimulate whereas cholecystokinin, neurotensin, gastrin, secretin, somatostatin α-melanosite stimulating hormone and vasotocin inhibit lutinizing hormone release. Of the inhibitory peptides, cholecystokinin and arg-vasotocin are the most potent. Inhibin injected into the ventricle selectively suppresses follicle stimulating hormone release by a hypothalamic action. Thus the control of gonadotropin release is complex and a number of aminergic and peptidergic transmitters are involved.

    • Author Affiliations


      E Vijayan1

      1. School of Life Sciences, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad - 500134, India
    • Dates

  • Journal of Biosciences | News

      Forthcoming Special issue.

    • To trigger further research on plant mitochondria, the Journal of Biosciences is bringing out a special issue titled "Plant Mitochondria: Properties and Interactions with Other Organelles".

      Plant mitochondria are quite distinct and have unique features, such as a cyanide-insensitive alternate pathway. They also interact with chloroplasts to optimize photosynthetic carbon assimilation.

      Submissions are welcome until 30 July 2023. The contributions can be original articles, short communications, reviews, or mini-reviews on any topic related to plant mitochondria.

      Authors can submit their articles online at https://www.editorialmanager.com/jbsc/default2.aspx

      Posted on April 12, 2023
    • Editorial Note on Continuous Article Publication

      Posted on July 25, 2019

      Click here for Editorial Note on CAP Mode

© 2022-2023 Indian Academy of Sciences, Bengaluru.