• Conformational change of 23S RNA in 50S ribosome is responsible for translocation in protein synthesis

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    • Keywords


      Ribosomes; translocation; protein synthesis; ribosomal RNA

    • Abstract


      Since the recognition of the ‘translocation’ phenomenon during protein synthesis several theories have been proposed, without much success, to explain the translocation of peptidyl tRNA from the aminoacyl site to the peptidyl site. The involvement of L7/L12 proteins and therefore the L7/L12 stalk region of 50S ribosomes in the translocation process has been widely accepted. The mobility of the stalk region, as recognised by many workers, must be of physiological significance. It has recently been shown in this laboratory that 50S ribosomes derived from tight and loose couple 70S ribosomes differ markedly in quite a few physical and biological properties and it appears that these differences are due to the different conformations of 23S RNAs. It has also been possible to interconvert tight and loose couple 50S ribosomes with the help of the agents, elongation factor -G, GTP (and its analogues) which are responsible for translocation. Thus loose couple 70S ribosomes so long thought to be inactive ribosomes are actually products of translocation. Further, the conformational change of 23S RNA appears to be responsible for the interconversion of tight and loose couple 50S ribosomes and thus the process of translocation. A model has been proposed for translocation on the basis of the direct experimental evidences obtained in this laboratory.

    • Author Affiliations


      D P Burma1

      1. Department of Biochemistry, Institute of Medical Sciences Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi - 221 005, India
    • Dates

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