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    • Keywords


      Anabaena torulosa ; akinete sporulation; cyanobacterium; blue-green alga

    • Abstract


      In the cyanobacteriumAnabaena torulosa, sporulation occurred even during the logarithmic growth phase. Sporulation was initiated by differentiation of the vegetative cell on one side, adjoining the heterocyst followed by differentiation of the vegetative cell on the other side. Subsequently, spores were differentiated alternately on either side to form spore strings. The sequence of sporulation supports the previous notion that a gradient of spore maturation exists in cyanobacteria and also indicates that the gradient is manifested unequally on either side of heterocysts. Sporulation was absent or negligible in a minerally enriched medium but ocurred readily in a minimal medium. The extent of sporulation was inversely related to phosphate concentration. Sporulation was enhanced at higher temperature. Incandescent light, but not fluorescent light, greatly stimulated sporulation suggesting possible involvement of red light in spore differentiation. Addition of filtrate, from 5 to 8 day old cultures, to freshly inoculatedA. torulosa greatly enhanced sporulation indicating the influence of extracellular products in spore formation.

    • Author Affiliations


      Tonina A Fernandes1 Joseph Thomas1

      1. Biology and Agriculture Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Bombay - 400 085
    • Dates

  • Journal of Biosciences | News

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      Plant mitochondria are quite distinct and have unique features, such as a cyanide-insensitive alternate pathway. They also interact with chloroplasts to optimize photosynthetic carbon assimilation.

      Submissions are welcome until 30 July 2023. The contributions can be original articles, short communications, reviews, or mini-reviews on any topic related to plant mitochondria.

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