Metabolism of isonicotinic acid and isoniazid bySarcina sp. led to the formation of two metabolites which were characterised as 2-hydroxyisonicotinic acid and citrazinic acid. The blue pigment formed during fermentation was shown to be derived from the auto-oxidation of citrazinic acid. 2-Oxo-glutarate accumulated as the major keto acid when isonicotinic acid or isonicotinic acid hydrazide metabolism was inhibited by 1 mM sodium arsenite. Isonicotinic acid, 2-hydroxy-isonicotinic acid and 2-oxo-glutarate were oxidised by isonicotinic acid hydrazide or isonicotinic acid-grown cells; citrazinic acid was, however, not oxidised. Isoniazid hydrazine hydrolase, isonicotinic acid and 2-hydroxyisonicotinic acid hydroxylases were detected in the cell-free extract ofSarcina sp. grown on isonicotinic acid hydrazide or isonicotinic acid.