• Nickel sulphide flakes improved cone-shaped graphite electrode for high-performance OER activity

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      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/boms/044/0230

    • Keywords

       

      Pencil graphite; nickel sulphide; OER; stable; activity.

    • Abstract

       

      The performance of electrochemical water splitting is very much affected by the sluggishness of oxygen evolution reaction (OER) process. Therefore, design and development of low cost, stable and active catalyst for OER process is a challenging issue. In this study we have used cone-shaped pencil graphite (PG), which is commonly used for writing purpose, as anode followed by modification by two-dimensional (2D) nickel sulphide flakes for electrochemical OER in alkaline medium. The dispersed flakes gradually attached to the cone-shaped graphite pencil surface via interaction with exposed graphite sheets along with formation of porous network around the electrode surface via assembly of the flakes. The modified electrocatalyst were well characterized using X-ray diffraction, Raman, field emission scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray, inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy and electrochemical techniques. We have observed that the electrocatalytic activity and stability of the newly designed anode is far greater than standard IrO$_2$ catalyst-modified PG in alkaline medium and comparable with newly reported Ni-based catalysts modified electrode in literature. The unique shape and porous network facilitate mass diffusion process preventing larger bubble formation. Overall, the approach is very simple and cost effective.

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    • Author Affiliations

       

      HAYDAR ALI1 SANTU GHOSH1 AVIJIT MONDAL2

      1. School of Materials Science, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Kolkata 700032, India
      2. Department of Chemistry, Presidency University, Kolkata 700073, India
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