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    • Keywords


      Quick response; relaxation time; supercapacitance; durability; rate capability.

    • Abstract


      The quick responsive and durable supercapacitive performance was achieved from reduced graphene oxide/ zinc hydroxide/polyaniline (rGO5.88%/Zn(OH)$_2$11.77%/PANI82.35%) (GZnP82) nanocomposite, synthesized by in-situ single step. The GZnP82 provided a specific capacitance ($C_s$) of 173.60 F g$^{–1}$, a specific capacity ($Q$) of 208.32 C g$^{–1}$, a specific energy of 34.7220 W h kg$^{–1}$ and a specific power of 1516.8 W kg$^{–1}$ at 0.25 A g$^{–1}$. The GZnP82 exhibits only 28% decay of its initial $C_s$ up to 12500 cycles at 2 A g$^{–1}$. The GZnP82 is fast in response with the relaxation time (${\tau}$) of 1.52 s. The capacitance of GZnP82 device obtained from impedance spectroscopy is 1.29 F. The comparison of electrochemical performance of GZnP82 measured from both chronopotentiometry and impedance spectroscopy, with similar reported energy storage materials, apprises that the achieved performances are of similar order; and better than, the reported materials. Most importantly, the addition of Zn(OH)$_2$ has rendered the negative contribution to the GZnP82, as the binary combination of it, the rGO/PANI furnished higher performances than the GZnP82.

    • Author Affiliations



      1. Department of Chemistry, National Institute of Technology Karnataka, Surathkal, Mangalore 575025, India
      2. Centre for Nano and Soft Matter Science, Bengaluru 560013, India
      3. Department of Physics, National Institute of Technology Karnataka, Surathkal, Mangalore 575025, India
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