The aim of this study is to investigate the morphological, functional group, crystallinity and mechanical properties of a three-dimensional porous cornstarch/n-HAp (nano-hydroxyapatite) biocomposite scaffold. In this study,cornstarch/n-HAp scaffolds were fabricated using the solvent casting and particulate leaching technique. The porous cornstarch/n-HAp composites with various cornstarch contents (30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80 and 90 wt%) were prepared and characterized by scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffractometer and compression test. The morphology of the scaffolds possessed macropores (200–600 $\mu$m) and micropores (50–100 $\mu$m) with a high interconnectivity. The porosity of the porous cornstarch/n-HAp scaffolds varied between 53 and 70% with compressive strength and compressive modulus of 2.03 and 8.27 MPa, respectively. The results suggested that highly porous cornstarch/n-HAp scaffold properties with adequate mechanical properties can be obtained for applications in bone tissue engineering.
Volume 44, 2021
Continuous Article Publishing mode
Prof. Subi Jacob George — Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Jakkur, Bengaluru
Chemical Sciences 2020
Prof. Surajit Dhara — School of Physics, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad
Physical Sciences 2020
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