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      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/boms/043/0129

    • Keywords

       

      IT-SOFC; electrode; LSCF; perovskite; nano-composite; ac-impedance spectroscopy

    • Abstract

       

      A novel processing technique was developed to produce an in-situ nano-composite powder based on La$_{0.6}$Sr$_{0.4}$Co$_{0.2}$Fe$_{0.8}$O$_{3-\delta}$ (LSCF6428) and Gd$_{0.1}$Ce$_{0.9}$O$_{1.95}$ (GDC10) for application as cathode material in intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells (IT-SOFC). The nano-composite powder was produced using glycine-nitrate solution combustion technique starting from nitrates of six metal ions. The synthesized powder was characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), particle size and BET surface area analyses. XRD analysis of as-produced nano-composite powder confirmed the formation of desired phases right after combustion synthesis. The structural parameters of different phases present in the powders were estimated through Rietveld refinement of XRD data. Tocompare the electrical properties of nano-composite cathode powder produced through the present method, nano-powders of GDC10 and LSCF6428 were individually produced through glycine nitrate process and subsequently mixed through solidstate technique and characterized for functional properties. Using this in-situ nano-composite material, lower polarization resistance was achieved as compared to the LSCF–GDC composite produced from mechanical mixtures of nano-powders of GDC10 and LSCF6428 when used as cathode in GDC10 electrolyte-based symmetrical cell. The effects of cathode layer thickness and electrode firing temperature on the cathodic polarization resistance were studied using in-situ nano-composite cathode powder.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      AAKASH AHUJA1 MANOJ GAUTAM1 AMIT SINHA2 J SHARMA2 P K PATRO2 A VENKATASUBRAMANIAN1

      1. School of Energy and Environment, Thapar University, Bhadson Road, Patiala 147001, India
      2. Powder Metallurgy Division, Materials Group, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Vashi Complex, Navi Mumbai 400703, India
    • Dates

       
  • Bulletin of Materials Science | News

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