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    • Keywords


      Dioctahedral muscovite; photoluminescence; optical band gap; dehydroxylation.

    • Abstract


      Naturally, thin sheets of layered, dioctahedral muscovite single crystals are transparent to visible light. Upon heat treatments performed up to 900$^{\circ}$C, the single crystal sheets of thickness $\sim$200 $\mu$m exhibited changes in its optical transparent character. The muscovite sheets exhibited either translucent or nontransparent, dark-brown, gold or copper like luster, varying optical band gap (from $\sim$3.7 to 2.7 eV) and photoluminescence (PL) properties, which depend on the temperature of the heat treatment. A comprehensive investigation has been made using X-ray diffraction, thermal analyses, energy dispersive X-ray and Raman spectroscopies to understand how/why the optical properties of the muscovite sheets changed up on heat treatments. Besides, no phase changes were found in the layered, lamellar crystal structure, evidences for the known dehydroxylation of muscovite were clearly seen from the thermal analyses data. Further, the Raman spectrum of the muscovite sheet heat treated at 900$^{\circ}$C showed no evidence for the presence of hydroxyl group (OH$^−$), which confirmed the completion of the dehydroxylation. The dihydroxylation-induced changes in the structural-elements (for example, Al-(O,OH)$_6$ partly or fully changing to Al-O$_5$/O$_6$ and its effects on the lattice constants, and also the defect levels introduced by the heat treatments are responsible for the changes in the optical transparency, colour of appearance, band gap and PL of the muscovite natural single crystal sheets.

    • Author Affiliations



      1. 2D Materials Laboratory, Department of Physics, National Institute of Technology Tiruchirappalli, Trichy 620015, India.
      2. Thin Film Laboratory, Department of Physics, National Institute of Technology Tiruchirappalli, Trichy 620015, India.
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