• Microstructure and optical characterization of mechanosynthesized nanostructured TiSi$_x$N$_{(1−x)}$ cermets

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    • Keywords


      Nanostructures; Rietveld; microstructure; phase transitions; bandgap energy.

    • Abstract


      Nanocrystalline cubic titanium silicon nitrides (TiSi$_x$N$_{(1−x)}$) with different Si concentrations have been synthesized at room temperature by mechanical alloying the stoichiometric compositions of ingredient powders in a nitrogenatmosphere. Structure and microstructure characterizations of unmilled and all ball-milled powders are carried out byanalysing respective X-ray diffraction patterns employing the Rietveld structure and microstructure refinement method.The presence of titanium, silicon and nitrogen in TiSi$_x$N$_{(1−x)}$ has been confirmed by energy-dispersive X-ray transmission electron microscopy analysis. Transmission electron microscopy image reveals that the average size of the spherical particles of 9-h-milled powder is $\sim$5 nm and size distribution is almost monodispersed, which corroborates well with the result of the Rietveld analysis. Bandgap energies of these solid solutions are determined by analysing respective UV–Vis absorption spectrum and it is found that the addition of silicon to insulating nanocrystalline TiN results in a reduction of bandgap energy and all solid solutions become wide-bandgap semiconductors with the addition of Si in different proportions.

    • Author Affiliations



      1. Department of Physics, Sreegopal Banerjee College, Bagati, Magra, Hooghly 712148, India
      2. Department of Physics, The University of Burdwan, Golapbag, Burdwan 713104, India
    • Dates

  • Bulletin of Materials Science | News

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