• Comparative machinability characterization of wire electrical discharge machining on different specialized AISI steels

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    • Keywords


      Specialized AISI steels; WEDM; discharge energy; surface integrity; micro-hardness.

    • Abstract


      In this work, we have attempted to prepare a comparative machinability study of wire electrical discharge machining of different difficult-to-machine materials, viz., stainless steel (SS) 316, H21 hot work tool steel and M42 highspeedsteel (HSS). The key features, which are compared during the analysis, are mainly material removal rate, average surface roughness, kerf width, wire consumption rate (WCR), recast layer (RL), elemental diffusion, surface morphology and micro-hardness of the machined surface. They are found to be greatly influenced by pulse energy. The pulse energy is calculated in terms of ‘specific discharge energy’. Apart from the discharge energy, the thermal conductivity of the material also plays an important role in the formation of RL and inclusion of foreign elements such as carbon, oxygen, copper andzinc in RL. H21 steel has been found to be more prone to thermal defects due to its high-thermal conductivity and high tensile residual stresses, whereas more re-solidification of foreign materials is observed in SS316 and M42 HSS due to theirhigh adhesive properties and low-thermal conductivity. But, in low-energy cutting, more uniform surfaces are observed in H21 steel in comparison with other two types of steel.

    • Author Affiliations



      1. National Institute of Technology, Agartala 799046, India
      2. Dr. Sudhir Chandra Sur Degree Engineering College, Kolkata 700074, India
    • Dates

  • Bulletin of Materials Science | News

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