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    • Keywords


      Intumescent flame retardant; limiting oxygen index; nitrogen; phosphorus; thermal stability.

    • Abstract


      A novel polymeric intumescent flame retardant containing phosphorus, nitrogen and sulphur (poly(ditrimethylolphosphono thiourea (PDTPT)) was synthesized, and its chemical structure was characterized by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, ¹Hand ³¹P nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and elemental analysis. The molecular weight and thermal properties of PDTPT were measured by using gel permeation chromatography and thermogravimetric analysis. PDTPT exhibited good thermal stability, char formation and swelling performance. The initial thermal decomposi-tion temperature and quality residual rate at 600°C of PDTPT were 282°C and 48.8%, respectively. When the mass fraction of PDTPT was 25 wt%, the limiting oxygen index-value of the cotton fabric/PDTPT composite was 27, an increase from 18 for the pure cotton fabric. Subsequent thermal analysis and scanning electron microscopy showed that PDTPT addition reduced the initial degradation temperature and the weight loss rate of the cotton fabric by forming a thick and tight carbon layer on its surface.

    • Author Affiliations



      1. Light Chemical Engineering, Jilin Institute of Chemical Technology, Jilin City132022, People’s Republic of China
      2. Department of Polymer Materials, Jilin Institute of Chemical Technology, Jilin City132022, People’s Republic of China
      3. Department of Chemistry, Inha University, Nam-gu, Incheon 402-751, South Korea
    • Dates

  • Bulletin of Materials Science | News

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      Prof. Surajit Dhara — School of Physics, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad
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      Posted on July 25, 2019

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