• Systematic investigation of parameters of an electrospinning process of poly(acrylic acid) nanofibres using response surface methodology

    • Fulltext


        Click here to view fulltext PDF

      Permanent link:

    • Keywords


      Electrospinning; response surface methodology; nanofibres; polyacrylic acid; optimization.

    • Abstract


      In this study, response surface methodology (RSM) based on the central composite design (CCD) was used for modelling the electrospinning process of polyacrylic acid (PAA) nanofibres, so as to assess simultaneously the effect ofthe most important electrospinning parameters (concentration of polymer solution, applied voltage, distance between the nozzle and collector and flow rate of solution) on the diameter of electrospun PAA nanofibres. The surface morphology was studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The average diameter of PAA nanofibres obtained was from 233 to 1210 nm from SEM images with different process parameters. The results showed that the solution concentration, the applied voltage and the distance between the nozzle and collector are, in that order, the most important parameters affectingthe diameter of nanofibres. The flow rate, however, showed no significant effect on the nanofiber diameter. The RSM model predicted that under optimal electrospinning conditions (solution concentration of 3 w/v%, voltage of 16 kV, electrospinning distance of 15 cm and flow rate of 1.75 ml h$^{−1}$), the nanofibres would be 262 nm in diameter, which was proved to be veryclose to the actual measured value. Therefore, the obtained results demonstrated the good performance of the RSM model in investigating the effect of electrospinning variables and predicting the diameter of PAA nanofibres. PAA nanofibres have great potential in applications such as sensors and biosensors, removal of heavy metals and contaminants, muscle tissue engineering, etc. and the use of thinner nanofibres leads to their improved performance in these applications.

    • Author Affiliations



      1. Department of Textile Engineering, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan 845156-83111, Iran
    • Dates

  • Bulletin of Materials Science | News

    • Dr Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar for Science and Technology

      Posted on October 12, 2020

      Prof. Subi Jacob George — Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Jakkur, Bengaluru
      Chemical Sciences 2020

      Prof. Surajit Dhara — School of Physics, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad
      Physical Sciences 2020

    • Editorial Note on Continuous Article Publication

      Posted on July 25, 2019

      Click here for Editorial Note on CAP Mode

© 2021-2022 Indian Academy of Sciences, Bengaluru.