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    • Keywords


      ZnO; flower-like; microstructure; electron transport; dye-sensitized solar cell.

    • Abstract


      The purpose of this study is to synthesize ZnO aggregate films using simple precipitation with polymer modification for linkage improvement of the ZnO photoelectrode. The starting materials of zinc acetate solution and ammoniasolution were mixed under violent stirring conditions. A portion of the polymer (polyethylene glycol) was slowly added into the mixed solution to obtain the viscous ZnO precursor. The precursor was then coated onto a fluorine-doped tin oxide substrate and annealed to form ZnO films. The scanning electron microscopy results revealed the formation of ZnO aggregates with flower-like microstructures. The appearance of Zn and O elements indicated a fair ZnO formation. The X-ray diffraction patterns and Raman shift confirmed the hexagonal wurtzite crystal structure of the ZnO aggregates. For dye-sensitized solarcell (DSSC) application, power conversion efficiency was enhanced because of the improved photovoltaic characteristics including the open-circuit voltage, fill factor, series resistance, shunt resistances and recombination resistance, perhaps, dueto the large particle size of the ZnO aggregates and their flower-like microstructures. The flower-like microstructure likely acts as a bridge to link each ZnO particle. The flower-like microstructure plays the role of an express pathway in electron transport in the DSSC. Therefore, the ZnO aggregation with a flower-like microstructure has the potential to improve the electron transport for efficiency enhancement of a DSSC.

    • Author Affiliations



      1. Department of Physics, Faculty of Liberal Arts and Science, Kasetsart University, Kamphaeng Saen Campus, Nakhon Pathom 73140, Thailand
      2. Department of Physics and Materials Science, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiangmai 50200, Thailand
      3. Center of Advanced Materials for Printed Electronics and Sensors, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
      4. Thailand Center of Excellence in Physics (ThEP Center), CHE, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
    • Dates

  • Bulletin of Materials Science | News

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