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    • Keywords


      MCM-41 nanoparticles; common reed silica ash; electrocatalysis; mesoporous materials; chronoamperometry

    • Abstract


      In this work, stem of common reed ash (SCRA) is introduced as a new source of silica in the preparation of mesoporous materials. Mesoporous silicate MCM-41 nanoparticles were synthesized hydrothermally using sodium silicateprepared from SCRA as a silica source. The characterization of MCM-41was carried out by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), N2 adsorption/desorption (BET) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). SEM shows that MCM-41 nanoparticles are sphere-like with size in the range of 30–50 nm with some degree of agglomeration. TEM image of the synthesized sample shows the open framework structure of MCM-41. A type IV isotherm can be observed from adsorption/desorption curves, which is the characteristic of mesoporousmaterials. The prepared MCM-41 nanoparticles were used as substrate to facilitate the oxidation of methanol through the modification with an electroactive species. The modification was achieved by impregnation of MCM-41 pores with Ni$^{2+}$ ions (Ni-doped MCM-41). A modified carbon paste electrode (CPE) was prepared by mixing Ni-doped MCM-41 with carbon paste (NiMCM-41CPE). Cyclic voltammetry of NiMCM-41CPE shows an increment in current density of methanoloxidation in comparison with CPE in alkaline solution. Moreover, a decrease in the overpotential of methanol oxidation occurred on the surface of modified electrode. The effects of some parameters such as scan rate and methanol concentration are also investigated on the behaviour of NiMCM-41CPE. Also, the heterogeneous electron transfer rate for the catalytic reaction ($k$) of methanol is calculated.

    • Author Affiliations



      1. Analytical Division, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar 47416-95447, Iran
      2. Faculty of Chemistry, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar 47416-95447, Iran
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    • Supplementary Material

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