Quaternary tellurite glasses with composition 75TeO$_2$–5WO$_3$–15Nb$_2$O$_5$–5M$_x$O$_y$ in mol%, where M$_x$O$_y$ =(Na$_2$O, Ag$_2$O, ZnO, MgO, CuO, NiO, TiO$_2$, MnO$_2$), were prepared by the normal melt-quenching method. The ultrasonic velocities (longitudinal and shear) were measured in these glasses using the pulse-echo technique at room temperature. Their elastic moduli, microhardness and Debye temperature were calculated and discussed in terms of the modifier’s ionicity and quantitatively in terms of number of bonds per unit volume and the cross-link density. In this study, the values of ultrasonic velocities, elastic moduli, Debye temperature and microhardness were found to be strongly dependent on three factors, namely: (i) modifier’s ionicity; (ii) trigonal pyramid (TeO$_3$)/trigonal bipyramid (TeO$_4$) ratio; and (iii) glass transition temperature $T_g$. We used the Makishima and Mackenzie’s model to calculate the theoretical elastic moduli and to indicatethat the experimental values were in good agreement with the theoretical values.
Volume 45, 2022
Continuous Article Publishing mode
Prof. Subi Jacob George — Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Jakkur, Bengaluru
Chemical Sciences 2020
Prof. Surajit Dhara — School of Physics, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad
Physical Sciences 2020
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