Sensors; surface plasmon resonance; gold nanoparticle; thin film.
Calixarenes are a group of materials that are widely used for gas sensing studies because of their simple synthesis, conformational flexibility, binding group tunability, variability in their cavity sizes and improved selectivity to different gas molecules. In recent years it has been shown that incorporation of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) into organic layers further enhances their gas sensing performance. The present study reports on the fabrication of thin films of calixarene and AuNPs using Langmuir–Schaefer (LS) methods. The gas sensing properties of the produced films are investigated on exposure to saturated vapours of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) using surface plasmon resonance as an optical detection technique. Multilayers comprising films of AuNPs and calixarene have been investigated to evaluate the effect of AuNPs on the films sensing performances. It has been demonstrated that the hybrid layers exhibited improved sensing performance in terms of the degree of their response.