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    • Keywords


      Indium–tin oxide; solid-state reaction; ferromagnetism; photoluminescence.

    • Abstract


      In the present study, indium–tin-oxide (ITO) nanoparticles were synthesized using solid-state reaction and studied for their structural, vibrational and magnetic properties. The ITO nanoparticles were prepared under reduced pressure, which can increase the oxygen vacancies in the samples. The X-ray diffraction studies confirmed singe-phase cubic bixbyite structure of ITO with average crystallite size of 47 nm. The lattice vibrational studies (FTIRand Raman spectroscopy) at room temperature indicated that Sn ions were occupied in In$_2$O$_3$ lattice and gives corresponding active vibrational modes in the respective spectra. The magnetic studies at room temperature reveal the ferromagnetic nature of ITO and the strength of magnetization is superior to those of In$_2$O$_3$ and SnO$_2$. However, the magnetic studies at 100 K revealed reduced ferromagnetism, which could be attributed to reduced itinerary electrons at low temperature. Blue and blue–green emissions were found from the ITO nanoparticles, which could be due to vacancies or surface defects present in the system.

    • Author Affiliations



      1. Thin Films Laboratory, Center for Crystal Growth, VIT University, Vellore 632 014, India
      2. Materials Science Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam 603102, India
      3. UGC-DAE-CSR, Kalpakkam Node, Kokilamedu 603104, India
      4. Center for Nano Research, VIT University, Vellore 603104, India
    • Dates

  • Bulletin of Materials Science | News

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      Posted on July 25, 2019

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