• Study of dielectric and ferroelectric properties of five-layer Aurivillius oxides: A2Bi4Ti5O18 (A = Ba, Pb and Sr) synthesized by solution combustion route

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      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/boms/038/07/1881-1889

    • Keywords

       

      Ceramics; X-ray diffraction; dielectric properties; ferroelectric properties.

    • Abstract

       

      This paper presents the ferroelectric and dielectric properties of five-layer Aurivillius oxides (Ba2Bi4Ti5O18, Pb2Bi4Ti5O18 and Sr2Bi4Ti5O18) prepared by a solution combustion route with glycine as a fuel at low calcination temperature. The phase formation of these materials with pseudo-tetragonal structure was achieved after calcination at 750°C for 3 h; as confirmed by X-ray diffraction studies. Scanning electron microscopy of the sintered ceramics shows that the grains exhibit a plate-like morphology. The ferroelectric to paraelectric transition temperature (𝑇𝑐) for Ba-, Pb- and Sr-based bismuth titanate ceramics was found to be 350, 280 and 260°C, respectively. All three materials show multiple relaxation phenomena and their electrical conductivity was found to be temperature dependent. The Pb2Bi4Ti5O18 ceramic possessed the highest value of activation energy (0.68 eV) and hence shows better ferroelectric properties, as compared to barium and strontium bismuth titanates.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      Shivangi Dubey1 Rajnish Kurchania1

      1. Department of Physics, Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology (MANIT), Bhopal 462 003, India
    • Dates

       
  • Bulletin of Materials Science | News

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