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    • Keywords


      Graphene oxide; oxygen functional groups; structure investigation; modified Hummers method.

    • Abstract


      The structure of graphite oxide and graphene oxide (GO) has been studied previously using various analyses and computer simulations. Although some oxygen functional groups (OFGs) are accepted as the main functionalities in GO, the structure of GO has remained elusive. In this regard, GO was produced using the modified Hummers method and was investigated using X-ray diffraction pattern, Fourier transform infrared analysis and Boehm titration method. Based on the obtained results, a modified model was proposed for GO based on the model of Lerf-Klinowski. OFGs include highly carboxyl groups and phenols with few epoxides, lactones and ketones agglomerated in some regions due to hydrogen bonding between functional groups. Trapped water molecules were shown between the GO sheets which strongly affected the distribution of OFGs and their aggregation by hydrogen bonding.

    • Author Affiliations


      A Nekahi1 S P H Marashi1 D Haghshenas Fatmesari1

      1. Department of Mining and Metallurgical Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
    • Dates

  • Bulletin of Materials Science | News

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