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      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/boms/038/03/0811-0816

    • Keywords

       

      Polylactic acid; Chinese herbal medicine; pyrite; scaffold; bone regeneration; cell culture.

    • Abstract

       

      A series of highly interconnected porous poly(D,L-lactide acid) (PDLLA)/pyrite (Zi-Ran-Tong, FeS2) scaffold containing 5–20% of pyrite was fabricated by particle leaching combined with the thermal-induced phase separation method. Pyrite (FeS2, named as Zi-Ran-Tong in Chinese medicine), as a traditional Chinesemedicine, has been used in the Chinese population to treat bone diseases and to promote bone healing. The mechanical properties of the PDLLA scaffold were significantly enhanced after the addition of pyrite. The osteoblastic ROS17/2.8 cell line was used and seeded on the PDLLA/pyrite scaffold to study its potential to support the growth of osteoblastic cells and to estimate the optimal dose of pyrite for bone tissue engineering. The effects of pyrite on cell proliferation and differentiation were evaluated by 3-[4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide and alkaline phosphatase activity assay. The cells on the porous composite scaffold formed a continuous layer on the outer and inner surface observed by scanning electron microscopy and fluorescence microscope. The results strongly suggested that the PDLLA/pyrite composite scaffold could stimulate the growth of ROS17/2.8 cells in vitro and it could be potentially used as a scaffold for bone tissue engineering.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      Lifang Zhang1 Yanyan Zheng1 2 Chengdong Xiong1

      1. Chengdu Institute of Organic Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, People’s Republic of China
      2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, People’s Republic of China
    • Dates

       
  • Bulletin of Materials Science | News

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