• Microwave-assisted facile green synthesis of silver nanoparticles and spectroscopic investigation of the catalytic activity

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      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/boms/038/03/0659-0666

    • Keywords

       

      Microwave; green; silver nanoparticle; I-carrageenan; catalysis.

    • Abstract

       

      Silver nanoparticles have been successfully synthesized in aqueous medium by a green, rapid and costefficient synthetic approach based on microwave irradiation. In this study, iota-carrageenan (I-carrageenan) is used both as reducing and stabilizing agent. The formation of nanoparticles is determined using UV–vis, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) and high-resolution-transmission electron microscopic (HR-TEM) analysis. Transmission electron microscopic (TEM) images show that the nanoparticles are of spherical shape with an average diameter of 18.2 nm. I-carrageenan-stabilized silver nanoparticles show outstanding catalytic activity for the reduction of 4-nitrophenol in the presence of NaBH4 in aqueous medium. The reaction follows pseudo-first-order kinetics and the reaction rate increases with the increase in amount of the catalyst. The study of the temperature dependence of reaction rate gives activation energy of 42.81 kJ mol−1. The synthesized silver nanoparticles are anticipated to be a promising material for pollution abatement.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      Siby Joseph1 Beena Mathew2

      1. Department of Chemistry, St. George’s College, Aruvithura, Kottayam 686 122, Kerala, India
      2. School of Chemical Sciences, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam 686 560, Kerala, India
    • Dates

       
  • Bulletin of Materials Science | News

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