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    • Keywords


      ZnO nanorod; hydrothermal process; microstrain; X-ray analysis; Williamson–Hall; Halder–Wagner.

    • Abstract


      ZnO nanorods were synthesized at low temperature by hydrothermally heating 0.1 M solution of ZnCl2 for 5, 10 and 15 h at a pH of 10. No template, seeded substrate, catalyst and autoclave were employed for the synthesis of ZnO nanorods. The effect of heating durations on the morphology and crystal orientation of the structure were investigated by using scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction, respectively. SEM images showed that the flower-like structures were formed in 5 h hydrothermally-heated sample, whereas the hexagonal zinc oxide nanorods were perfectly fabricated with the increase in growth time. XRD patterns showed that the preferred orientation in nanorods could be controlled by hydrothermal treatment time. The crystallite size and microstrain were analysed by Williamson–Hall and Halder–Wagner methods. These results revealed the presence of defects in ZnO nanorods. However, by increasing the hydrothermal treatment time, both defects in lattice and crystallite size are decreased.

    • Author Affiliations


      L Motevalizadeh1 Z Heidary1 M Ebrahimizadeh Abrishami2

      1. Department of Physics, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran
      2. Department of Physics, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad 91775-1436, Iran
    • Dates

  • Bulletin of Materials Science | News

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