• Thermodynamic aspects of nanostructured Ti5Si3 formation during mechanical alloying and its characterization

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    • Keywords

       

      Nanostructured materials; Miedema model; characterization; intermetallic compound; Ti5Si3.

    • Abstract

       

      Mechanical alloying (MA) was used to produce Ti5Si3 intermetallic compound with nanocrystalline structure from elemental powders. The structural changes and characterization of powder particles during milling were studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), particle size analyser (PSA) and microhardness measurements. MA resulted in gradual formation of disordered Ti5Si3 intermetallic compound with crystallite size of about 15 nm after 45 h of milling. Also a thermodynamic analysis of the process was carried out using Miedema model. The results showed that in the nominal composition of Ti5Si3 intermetallic phase (𝑋Si = 0.375), formation of an intermetallic compound has the lowest Gibbs free energy rather than solid solution or amorphous phases. So the MA product is the most stable phase in nominal composition of Ti5Si3. This intermetallic compound exhibits high microhardness value of about 1235 HV.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      S Sabooni1 F Karimzadeh1 M H Abbasi1

      1. Department of Materials Engineering, Isfahan University of Technology, 84156-83111 Isfahan, Iran
    • Dates

       
  • Bulletin of Materials Science | News

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