• Phase relation of LaFe11.6Si1.4 compounds annealed at different high-temperature and the magnetic property of LaFe11.6−𝑥Co𝑥Si1.4 compounds

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    • Keywords

       

      LaFe1.6Si1.4 compound; high-temperature and short-time annealing; hysteresis; large magnetocaloric effect.

    • Abstract

       

      LaFe11.6Si1.4 compounds are annealed at different high temperatures from 1323 to 1623 K. The powder X-ray diffraction patterns show that large amount of NaZn13-type phase begins to be observed in LaFe11.6Si1.4 compound after being annealed at 1423 K for 5 h. In the temperature range from 1423 to 1523 K, the 𝛼-Fe and LaFeSi phases rapidly decrease to form 1:13 phase. LaFeSi phase is rarely observed in the XRD pattern in the LaFe11.6Si1.4 compound annealed at 1523 K (5 h).With annealing temperature increasing to 1573 K and 1673 K, La5Si3 phase is detected, and there is a certain amount of LaFeSi phase when the annealing temperature is 1673 K. The amount of impurity phases in the LaFe11.6Si1.4 compound annealed by the two-stage annealing consisting of high temperature (>1523 K) and 1523 K is larger than that of the single stage annealing at 1523 K under the same time. According to the results of different high-temperature annealing, LaFe11.6−𝑥Co𝑥Si1.4 (0.1 ≤ 𝑥 ≤ 0.8) compounds are annealed at 1523 K (5 h). The main phase is NaZn13-type phase, and the impurity phase is a small amount of 𝛼-Fe in LaFe11.6−𝑥Co𝑥Si1.4 compounds. With increase in Co content from 𝑥 = 0.1 to 0.8, the Curie temperature 𝑇C, goes up from 207 to 285 K. The introduction of Co element weakens the itinerant electron metamagnetic transition, and also results in the change of magnetic transition type from first to second order at about 𝑥 = 0.5. The magnetic entropy change decreases from 19.94 to 4.57 J /kg K with increasing Co concentration at a low magnetic field of 0–2 T. But the magnetic hysteresis loss around 𝑇C reduces remarkably from 26.2 J /kg for 𝑥 = 0.1 to 0 J /kg for 𝑥 = 0.8.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      Xiang Chen1 Yungui Chen2 Yongbai Tang2

      1. Department of Physics and Electronic Informational Engineering, Neijiang Teachers College, Neijiang 641 002, PR China
      2. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610 065, PR China
    • Dates

       
  • Bulletin of Materials Science | News

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