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      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/boms/034/07/1639-1644

    • Keywords

       

      LPG sensor; TiO2; SEM; XRD; sensitivity.

    • Abstract

       

      This paper reports the liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) sensing of titanium dioxide (Qualigens, India). Scanning electron micrographs and X-ray diffraction studies of samples were done. SEM shows that the material is porous and has grapes-like morphology before exposure to the LPG. XRD patterns reveal the crystalline nature of the material. The crystallites sizes of the TiO2 were found in the range of 30–75 nm. Variations in resistance with exposure of LPG to the sensing element were observed. The average sensitivity for different volume percentages of gas was estimated. The maximum value of average sensitivity was 1.7 for higher vol.% of LPG. Percentage sensor response (%SR) as a function of time was calculated and its maximum value was 45%. Response time of the sensor was 70 s. The sensor was quite sensitive to LPG and results were found reproducible.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      B C Yadav1 Anuradha Yadav1 Tripti Shukla1 Satyendra Singh1

      1. Nanomaterials and Sensors Research Laboratory, Department of Physics, University of Lucknow, Lucknow 226 007, India
    • Dates

       
  • Bulletin of Materials Science | News

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