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      Permanent link:
      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/boms/034/06/1273-1279

    • Keywords

       

      Montmorillonite clay; exfoliation; sol–gel process; Friedel–Craft alkylation; DSC.

    • Abstract

       

      Solid acids have become increasingly important for many liquid-phase industrial reactions these days. Montmorillonite clays (2:1 clay mineral) have been used as efficient solid acid catalysts for a number of organic and liquid phase reactions and offer several advantages over classic acids. Tailor made catalysts can be prepared from clays by suitably adjusting their acidity and surface area by acid activation. In the present work, preparation, characterization and performance of Pt (II) clays, Cu (II) clays, acid clay, and sol–gel hybrids of Cu (II) clays as solid catalysts in a test Friedel–Craft alkylation reaction of benzyl chloride with toluene using differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) are reported. Product formation has been analysed by FTIR spectroscopy. The main objective of this work is to show how clay as a solid catalyst affects reaction rates and activation energies. Acidity and dispersion of solid catalysts are twomain factors which govern a catalysis reaction. Kinetic parameter analysis and XRD studies confirm that acid Pt (II) clay and Pt (II) clay dispersed by natural dispersants aremore effective catalysts. In contrast to the reactions using AlCl3, the experimental conditions are non-polluting and the final work up does not require any aqueous treatment.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      Tanushree Choudhury1 Nirendra M Misra2

      1. Department of Chemistry, School of Advanced Sciences, VIT University Chennai Campus, Vandalur- Kelambakkam Road, Chennai- 600048, India
      2. Department of Applied Chemistry, Indian School of Mines University, Dhanbad 826 004, India
    • Dates

       

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