• Fulltext


        Click here to view fulltext PDF

      Permanent link:

    • Keywords


      IGZO; pellet; sintering.

    • Abstract


      Indium–gallium–zinc oxide (IGZO) is a novel amorphous oxide semiconductor, which recently has received much attention for thin film transistors (TFTs) in flat panel displays. Published literature reports significant variations in the properties of thin films and TFTs prepared from IGZO even though the reported process conditions are similar.We demonstrate that these differences could arise from the method for preparation of targets from which the films are made. Accordingly, we also propose simple and appropriate conditions, specifically using much lower sintering temperatures and thus avoiding use of sealed Pt tubes for preparation of IGZO targets in composition range, InGaO3(ZnO)m, with 1 ≤ m ≤ 5. These target materials are suitable in physical vapour deposition processes such as pulsed laser deposition and sputtering. In developing the process for sintering, the phase analysis of the target pellets was carried out using X-ray diffraction (XRD). The chemical compositions of the phases are also confirmed with inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) and energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) techniques. We also demonstrate successful deposition of amorphous IGZO thin films by pulse laser deposition using the targets prepared by the proposed sintering process. Finally, we demonstrate that unmonitored method of making pellets for films deposition is a cause of variability associated in published literature on IGZO TFTs.

    • Author Affiliations


      Sonachand Adhikari1 Rajeev Gupta1 2 Ashish Garg3 Deepak3

      1. Materials Science Programme, Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur 208 016, India
      2. Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur 208 016, India
      3. Department of Materials Science and Engineering and Samtel Centre for Display Technologies, Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur 208 016, India
    • Dates

  • Bulletin of Materials Science | News

    • Dr Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar for Science and Technology

      Posted on October 12, 2020

      Prof. Subi Jacob George — Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Jakkur, Bengaluru
      Chemical Sciences 2020

      Prof. Surajit Dhara — School of Physics, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad
      Physical Sciences 2020

    • Editorial Note on Continuous Article Publication

      Posted on July 25, 2019

      Click here for Editorial Note on CAP Mode

© 2021-2022 Indian Academy of Sciences, Bengaluru.