The dielectric properties of lead lanthanum zirconate titanate (PLZT) ceramics [Pb(Zr0.57Ti0.43)O3 +𝑥 at% of La, 𝑥 = 3, 5, 6, 10 and 12] have been measured in the frequency range 1 Hz–1 MHz using the vector impedance spectroscopy (VIS) at different temperatures. All the compositions show both non-dispersive and dispersive dielectric responses in different temperature regions. The non-dispersive region obeys the universal dielectric response. A low frequency (< 1 kHz) relaxation phenomenon with a high value of distribution parameter `ℎ’ (∼0.4 to 0.6) has been observed in all the compositions around the temperature corresponding to themaximum dielectric constant (𝑇m). The activation energies as calculated from the relaxation and d.c. conduction processes are comparable. The ferroelectric phase transition is diffuse in nature and broadening of the peak increases with La content.
Volume 43, 2020
Continuous Article Publishing mode
Click here for Editorial Note on CAP Mode