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      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/boms/034/01/0037-0043

    • Keywords

       

      𝑝-Phenylenediamine; multi-walled carbon nanotube; nanocomposite; oxidative polymerization.

    • Abstract

       

      Poly(𝑝-phenylenediamine) (P𝑝PD)/carboxylic acid-functionalized multiwalled carbon nanotubes (𝑐-MWCNTs) nanocomposites were prepared by chemical oxidative polymerization using potassium persulfate (K2S2O8) as an oxidant. Field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE–SEM) and field-emission transmission electron microscopy (FE–TEM) showed that a tubular layer of P𝑝PD was coated on the surface of carbon nanotubes with a thickness of 10–20 nm. FT–IR analysis provided an evidence for the formation of nanocomposites. The thermal stability of nanocomposites was improved by addition of 𝑐-MWCNTs as confirmed by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). XRD spectra showed that the crystalline nature of P𝑝PD was not affected much by the addition of 𝑐-MWCNTs. As the content of 𝑐-MWCNTs was increased, the electrical conductivity of the nanocomposites increased due to the interaction between polymer and nanotubes that enhances electron delocalization.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      Quang Long Pham1 Yuvaraj Haldorai1 Van Hoa Nguyen1 Dirk Tuma2 Jae-Jin Shim1

      1. School of Display and Chemical Engineering, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan, Gyeongbuk 712-749, Republic of Korea
      2. BAM Federal Institute of Materials Research and Testing, Richard-Willstätter-Str.11, D-12489 Berlin, Germany
    • Dates

       
  • Bulletin of Materials Science | News

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