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      Permanent link:
      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/boms/033/05/0603-0609

    • Keywords

       

      Glass transition; thermodynamics; classical view; entropy-loss; residual entropy; unified model.

    • Abstract

       

      Classical description of thermodynamic properties during glass transition has been questioned by the entropy-loss model. The uncompensated loss of entropy at the glass transition temperature and zero residual entropy is at the heart of the controversy. Both the models are critically reviewed. A unified model is presented which incorporates features of both entropy loss and residual entropy. It implies two different types of contributions to the entropy of the supercooled liquid, one of which vanishes at the transition and the other which contributes to residual entropy. Entropy gain during spontaneous relaxation of glass, and the nature of heat capacity ‘hysteresis’ during cooling and heating through the glass transition range support the proposed model. Experiments are outlined for differentiating between the models.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      K T Jacob1 Sagar Prabhudev1 R M Mallya1

      1. Department of Materials Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560 012, India
    • Dates

       
  • Bulletin of Materials Science | News

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