• Low temperature synthesis of Ba1–𝑥Sr𝑥SnO3 (𝑥 = 0–1) from molten alkali hydroxide flux

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    • Keywords


      Perovskite; stannates; molten salt synthesis; X-ray diffraction; scanning electron microscopy.

    • Abstract


      Perovskite structured stannates (Ba1–𝑥Sr𝑥SnO3, 𝑥 = 0.0–1.0) powders have been synthesized for the first time by molten salt synthesis (MSS) method using KOH as the flux at lower temperature (400°C) compared to other methods. The phase formation was confirmed by FT–IR spectroscopy, powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) and the microstructure was analysed by scanning electron microscopy. XRD patterns reveal the formation of single phasic products for parent and substituted products with good crystallinity throughout the range (𝑥 = 0.0–1.0). The morphology of the particles of BaSnO3 and SrSnO3 is spherical and rod shaped, respectively. Effect of soaking periods on the grain growth is observed clearly in SrSnO3. Ba0.5Sr0.5SnO3 (BSS5) crystallizes in flake like morphology.

    • Author Affiliations


      B Ramdas1 R Vijayaraghavan1

      1. Materials Division, School of Advanced Sciences, VIT University, Vellore 632 014, India
    • Dates


© 2017 Indian Academy of Sciences, Bengaluru.