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      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/boms/032/03/0231-0237

    • Keywords

       

      Nanostructures; chemical synthesis; electron microscopy.

    • Abstract

       

      The present study describes the synthesis of ZnMn2O4 nanoparticles with the spinel structure. These oxide nanoparticles are obtained from the decomposition of metal oxalate precursors synthesized by

      1. the reverse micellar and

      2. the coprecipitation methods.

      Our studies reveal that the shape, size and morphology of precursors and oxides vary significantly with the method of synthesis. The oxalate precursors prepared from the reverse micellar synthesis method were in the form of rods (micron size), whereas the coprecipitation method led to spherical nanoparticles of size, 40–50 nm. Decomposition of oxalate precursors at low temperature (∼ 450°C) yielded phase pure ZnMn2O4 nanoparticles. The size of the nanoparticles of ZnMn2O4 obtained from reverse micellar method is relatively much smaller (20–30 nm) as compared to those made by the co-precipitation (40–50 nm) method. Magnetic studies of nanocrystalline ZnMn2O4 confirm antiferromagnetic ordering in the broad range of ∼ 150 K. The photocatalytic activity of ZnMn2O4 nanoparticles was evaluated using photo-oxidation of methyl orange dye under UV illumination and compared with nanocrystalline TiO2.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      Menaka1 Mohammed Qamar1 Samuel E Lofland2 Kandalam V Ramanujachary3 Ashok K Ganguli1

      1. Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi 110 016, India
      2. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rowan University, Glassboro, NJ-08028, USA
      3. Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Rowan University, Glassboro, NJ-08028, USA
    • Dates

       
  • Bulletin of Materials Science | News

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      Posted on July 25, 2019

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