To develop new (Bi1/2Na1/2)TiO3-based ceramics with excellent piezoelectric properties, the similarities and the differences between PZT and (Bi1/2Na1/2)TiO3 ceramics were analysed. Based on the analysis, a new (Bi1/2Na1/2)TiO3-based piezoelectric ceramic of B-site substitution of complex ions (Mg1/3Nb2/3)4+ for Ti4+ was prepared by a conventional ceramic technique, and effect of complex ions (Mg1/3Nb2/3)4+ addition on the microstructure, dielectric and piezoelectric properties was investigated. The results show that all compositions are mono-perovskite phase and the grain size increases with increasing content of (Mg1/3Nb2/3)4+. The piezoelectric constant, 𝑑33, first increases and then decreases, and electromechanical coupling factor, 𝑘p, varies insignificantly with increasing content of (Mg1/3Nb2/3)4+.
Volume 43, 2020
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