• Theoretical approaches to superionic conductivity

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    • Keywords

       

      Superionic conductors; theory of ionic conductivity; glasses; composites; polymer electrolytes.

    • Abstract

       

      Recent theoretical approaches to the understanding of superionic conductivity in polycrystalline, glassy and polymeric materials are briefly reviewed. Phase transitions to the superionic conducting state in the AgI family are apparently triggered by cluster formation and strong mobile ion interaction within the clusters. Anomalous conductivity and related physical properties are explained in the cluster induced distortion model. Ionic composites such as AgX : Al2O3 (𝑋 = Cl, Br and I) involve conducting and non-conducting phases and the all-important interface between the two whose space charge enhances the conductivity and also trigger phase transitions to exotic polymorphic phases, for which the mechanisms are yet to be explored. Ion hopping dynamics controls the conductivity of superionic glasses. Mode coupling and jump relaxation theories account for the non-Debye relaxation observed in a.c. conductivity of these glasses. The theory of conductivity in polymer electrolytes-still in its infancy-involves their complex structure and glass transition behaviour. Preparative and thermal history, composition and crystallinity control ionic conductivity. New approaches to the synthesis of optimal polymer electrolytes such as rubbery electrolytes, crystalline polymers and nanocomposites must be considered before achieving a comprehensive theoretical understanding.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      C S Sunandana1 P Senthil Kumar1 2

      1. School of Physics, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad 500 046, India
      2. Physical Chemistry Division, National Chemical Laboratory, Pune 411 008, India
    • Dates

       
  • Bulletin of Materials Science | News

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