Microstructural characterization of the 𝛾-TiAl alloy samples fabricated by direct laser fabrication rapid prototype technique
A direct laser fabrication technique (DLF) has been used to fabricate near net shape samples of a 𝛾-TiAl alloy using gas atomized Ti48A148Mn2Nb2 alloy powder as a feed stock material. The microstructures of these Ti48Al48Mn2Nb2 laser treated samples have been characterized using optical, scanning (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), both immediately after laser fabrication and after heat treatments. The microstructural studies have shown that the microstructure is heterogeneous in nature and extremely fine in comparison with the conventionally processed material. The process parameters such as laser power and laser scanning speed greatly influence the morphology and the microstructure of the laser treated samples. Heat treatments for a number of process conditions have been carried out to examine the stability of the microstructure which remains stable up to 973 K and rapid grain coarsening occurs at 1273 K. A fully recrystallized and uniform microstructure is obtained after annealing at 1073 K for 24 h and compositional heterogeneity present in the laser-fabricated samples is eliminated. Annealing in the 𝛼 phase field followed by air cooling and annealing in (𝛼2 + 𝛾) phase region gives rise to a homogeneous and uniform microstructure. However, the microstructure is much coarser than the microstructure of the DLF samples.
Volume 43, 2020
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