• Metal oxalate complexes as novel inorganic dopants: Studies on their effect on conducting polyaniline

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      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/boms/025/07/0613-0618

    • Keywords

       

      Polyaniline; metal oxalate complex dopant; conductivity; spectral, structural and thermal characterization.

    • Abstract

       

      Doped polyaniline materials with metal oxalate complexes of Cr, Fe, Mn, Co and Al were synthesized by in situ chemical oxidative polymerization of aniline using potassium perdisulphate as oxidant in aqueous sulphuric acid medium. These polymer materials were characterized by chemical analyses, spectral studies (UV-visible and IR), X-ray diffraction and thermal techniques and also by conductivity measurements by four-probe technique. The presence of complex anion in polyaniline material was confirmed by chemical and spectral analyses. The yield and conductivity of metal oxalate doped polyanilines were found to be high when compared to the simple sulphate ion doped polyaniline prepared under similar condition. UV-visible and IR spectral features not only confirmed the polyaniline doping by complex anions but also substantiated their facilitating effect on conductivity. The X-ray diffraction patterns indicated some crystalline nature in metal oxalate doped polyaniline and amorphous in polyaniline sulphate salt. The conductivity of the polymer samples strongly depended on the degree of crystallinity induced by complex counter anions as dopant. All the polymer materials, as evident from TGA curves, were observed to undergo three-step degradation of water loss, de-doping and decomposition of polymer. Further, the thermal stability of polyaniline was found to improve on doping with metal oxalate complex.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      R Murugesan1 E Subramanian2

      1. Deputed on F.I.P. from Department of Chemistry, T.D.M.N.S. College, T. Kallikulam, Tirunelveli 627 113, India
      2. Department of Chemistry, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Abishekapatti, Tirunelveli 627 012, India
    • Dates

       
  • Bulletin of Materials Science | News

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