The adsorption behaviour of iodine on chemically modified swelling type of clays has been studied. Chemical modification was brought about by interacting the clay with surfactants such as tween-80 and polyethylene glycol. Adsorption of iodine was found to increase by several orders of magnitude on chemical modification which remained constant between pH 1 and 10. The adsorption isotherms were non-linear and fitted the Freundlich equation for swelling clays. Scatchard analysis of the data indicated minimum two types of active sites with the tween-80 modified clay and one type with the polyethylene glycol modified one. The iodine sorbed on the surface was found to get desorbed almost completely on leaching with water. Modification of the clay surface with surfactant thus offers a method of designing a recyclable adsorbent for iodine.
Volume 43, 2020
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