Powders of tetragonal (t)ZrO2 have been prepared by a solid state reaction between sodium metazirconate and sodium metaphosphate. The reaction temperatures and times have been varied between 450 and 550°C and 5 and 75 h, respectively. Zirconia powder, mostly in thet andt′ phases, is obtained. The yield of ZrO2 powder increases monotonically with time at all reaction temperatures according to a phase boundary controlled kinetics. The fraction oft phase also increases with time at 450°C and 500°C but goes through a maximum at 550°C, the highest temperature employed. A maximum of 55% of the precursor monoclinic zirconia (used to prepare sodium meta zirconate) is converted tot phase at 500°C/75 h. The ZrO2 powder consists of crystallites of size 9–25 nm agglomerated into particles having average size between 2 and 4µm. The agglomerates have a breaking strength of 100 MPa. A hydrothermal treatment is found to break the agglomerates into smaller sizes. Grinding the powder in a mortar and pestle converts only 12% of thet phase into monoclinic, indicating that substantial fraction of the tetragonal phase is the non transformable varietyt′. Heating experiments also confirm this.
Volume 44, 2021
Continuous Article Publishing mode
Prof. Subi Jacob George — Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Jakkur, Bengaluru
Chemical Sciences 2020
Prof. Surajit Dhara — School of Physics, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad
Physical Sciences 2020
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