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      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/boms/020/08/1049-1058

    • Keywords

       

      Nd2Fe14BHx,x ≤ 5; hydrides; hydrogen intercalation; hydrogen desorption; stable metal hydride; thermal desorption; mechanical attrition

    • Abstract

       

      When milling micrometer thin Nd2Fe14B platelets, of an average 1–2 mm diameter, in toluene in a closed reactor, part of the toluene decomposes at the surface of the platelets and yields nascent hydrogen and carbon/low hydrocarbons. The hydrogen diffuses into the Nd2Fe14B platelets and the carbon forms a thin surface passivation layer of the platelets, forming the stable Nd2Fe14BHx,x ≤ 5, hydride at room temperature. On heating in a calorimeter, the hydrogen desorbs off the sample with a well-defined endotherm between 370 and 425 K. An N2 gas atmosphere, if used during the heating, facilitates the H-desorption process with the modified kinetic parameters. For example, the enthalpy of the H-desorption ΔH and the related activation energyEa have the measured values ΔH = 153 J/g andEa = 58·2 kJ/mol in argon and ΔH = 256 J/g andEa = 41·6 kJ/mol in N2. It is argued that N2 gas has a fast reaction with the H atoms desorbing off the thin sample platelets and forms NH3 gas with an instantaneous decrease of the total external gas pressure at the sample. This supports the fast desorption of H atoms in the sample with the modified desorption kinetics in N2 gas.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      S Ram1 H D Banerjee1 S Haldar1 2 P Ramachandrarao1 2

      1. Materials Science Centre, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur - 721 302, India
      2. National Metallurgical Laboratory, Jamshedpur - 831 007, India
    • Dates

       
  • Bulletin of Materials Science | News

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