The electrical behaviour of valence-compensated ceramic system Ba1−xLaxTi1−xCoxO3 has been studied as a function of temperature (300–600 K) and composition (x ⩽ 0·20), using the method of impedance spectroscopy. The necessary equivalent circuit models that represent the data best have been obtained using impedance and modulus formalisms and grain and grain boundary contributions have been separated out. The compositionsx = 0·20 and 0·10 show a negative temperature coefficient of resistance (NTCR) behaviour whereas a very small variation of the grain and grain boundary resistance with temperature is observed forx = 0·05. A positive temperature coefficient of resistance (PTCR) behaviour having two ferroelectric components is observed forx = 0·01. These results reveal limitations in current theories of the PTCR effect.
Volume 42 | Issue 3